Remember a night when it was extremely hard to fall asleep and how it felt? Staying up against your will? While for some this might be a rare occurrence, for others it is a serious problem affecting their quality of life. Insomnia is “the subjective complaint of difficulty falling or staying asleep or poor sleep quality” .
An average adult needs 7 to 8 hours of sleep. One might need to be aware of the problem and seek help if they start having trouble in sleeping or develop any of the following symptoms:
It involves complains with the amount and the quality of sleep which includes trouble falling asleep, staying asleep or awakening after falling asleep with the inability to go back to sleep again. Lack of sleep causing fatigue and tiredness continues for a period of 3 months with the episodes causing impairment for more than 3 days in a week.
It involves the feeling of fatigue and tiredness even after 7+ hours of sleep. The attained sleep does not result in feeling refreshed or energetic during the day. Excessive need for sleep continues for a period of 3 months with the episode causing impairment for more than 3 days in a week.
Involves sleep attacks where an individual suddenly falls asleep during random times of the day. This can prove to be fatal in instances such as driving. This disorder is diagnosed after an individual suffers from multiple episodes in a given month for a period of 3 months.
The umbrella term for four subtypes, which are as follows:
The umbrella term for four sub-types, which are as follows:
The problem is more common and the experience is debilitating, not only for the individual, but also for their families. According to a research, 31.3% of the adult Pakistanis living in urban areas suffer from insomnia . The distress causes one to lose peace of mind, leading to daily life being significantly impacted. It can occur at any stage in one’s life. 
 Kidwai, E., & Ahmed, A, H. (2013). Prevalence of insomnia and use of sleep medicines in urban communities of Karachi, Pakistan. Journal of Pakistan Medical Association. Retrieved from http://jpma.org.pk/full_article_text.php?article_id=5182
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-5. Washington, D.C: American Psychiatric Association.
If you can relate to any of the aforementioned symptoms-